Migrant smugglers have typically been portrayed as shadowy, evil figures, exploiting human misery for financial gain, and risking lives transporting people. What motivates migrant smugglers, and how do they operate? Who are their main clientele? International migration expert and member of the Geneva Centre for Security Policy Khalid Koser shares his research on the economic motivations of those involved in smuggling migrants, and the massive and complex industry that has sprung up around them. Credits: TEDx Talks.